Black Fortress (1830-1836 yy.)

Location: Gyumri, Shirak region

Distance From Yerevan: 122km/2h 20min

Establishment: 1830-1836 yy.

“Black” Fortress in Gyumri was built in 1834. The need of building the fortress became essential after the end of the 2nd Russian-Persian war to strengthen Gyumri. Huge walls are constructed of black treated basalt. The construction was built according to the latest tendencies in military art. “Black” fortress was one of the rarest constructions in the composition of Russian Empire. It is noteworthy that Tsar Nikolai was present during the opening ceremony.  

Today the fortress is used as a cultural center and event hall. 

Leave No Trace

  • Plan ahead & be prepared
  • Dispose the waste properly
  • Leave what you find
  • Minimize campfire impacts
  • Respect the wildlife
  • Be considerate of other visitors

Roads conditions

It is winter time! Check out road conditions before heading to the road! Beware of the snow & ice layer!

Vanadzor - Alaverdi section of the M6 Interstate highway stretching from Yerevan to Georgian border is temporarily closed. You can use Vanadzor-Stepanavan-Odzun-Alaverdi bypassing road.

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